Jul 8, 2023

Prime vs. Zoom Lenses in the Epic World of Landscape Photography

By Martin Rak

Your Award-Winning Tutor

When it comes to choosing a lens for landscape photography, one of the first decisions photographers often face is whether to opt for a zoom lens or a prime lens. Both options offer distinct advantages.

The Power of Prime Lenses

Landscape photography is a breathtaking art form that captures the beauty and grandeur of the natural world. To truly convey the magnificence of landscapes, photographers often rely on prime lenses.

These fixed focal length lenses offer exceptional image quality, wide apertures, and precise optics that elevate landscape photography to new heights.

In this section, we will explore the benefits of prime lenses for landscape photography, including ultra wide-angle options, and highlight some notable examples from different brands.

Canon EF 50mm f/1.8, © Canva

Sharper Focus and Enhanced Detail

Prime lenses are renowned for their outstanding optical performance, delivering sharper images and enhanced detail compared to zoom lenses.

With a fixed focal length, these lenses are designed to provide optimal sharpness across the frame, resulting in breathtaking landscape photographs. The absence of movable elements within prime lenses minimizes aberrations and distortions, allowing photographers to capture every intricate detail, from the texture of rocks to the delicate patterns in foliage.

Wide Aperture and Optimal Low-Light Performance

Many prime lenses offer wide maximum apertures, allowing photographers to create stunning landscape images even in challenging lighting conditions.

The larger aperture not only permits more light to reach the camera's sensor but also enables creative depth of field control. By selecting a wider aperture, landscape photographers can isolate a specific subject within the frame, such as a tree in the foreground, while creating a beautifully blurred background that adds depth and visual interest.

Capturing the Wonders of the Night Sky

Prime lenses with wide apertures are particularly advantageous for astrophotography. These wide maximum apertures allow a significant amount of light to reach the camera's sensor, resulting in brighter and more detailed images of the night sky.

The larger aperture also facilitates the use of shorter exposure times, reducing the risk of star trailing and producing crisp, well-defined stars.

Night in the Dolomites, Canon 5D Mark II + Samyang 14mm f/2.8, © Martin Rak

Versatility and Lightweight Design

Prime lenses are often lighter and more compact than their zoom lens counterparts. This advantage makes them ideal for landscape photographers who often embark on long hikes or need to carry their equipment for extended periods.

The reduced weight and size of prime lenses offer increased mobility and ease of use, allowing photographers to explore different vantage points and viewpoints without compromising on image quality.

Examples of Prime Lenses

Here are some examples of prime lenses for landscape photography, including various focal lengths for different perspectives:

  1. Canon EF 14mm f/2.8L II USM: This ultra-wide-angle prime lens provides a focal length of 14mm, allowing photographers to capture expansive landscapes with a dramatic perspective. It offers excellent image quality, minimal distortion, and a wide maximum aperture of f/2.8.
  2. Nikon AF-S NIKKOR 35mm f/1.4G: With a focal length of 35mm, this Nikon prime lens offers a versatile perspective for landscape photography. It delivers excellent edge-to-edge sharpness, vibrant colors, and a wide maximum aperture of f/1.4 for low-light performance and creative depth of field control.
  3. Sony FE 50mm f/1.8: This standard prime lens provides a focal length of 50mm, offering a natural perspective for landscape photography. It is compact, lightweight, and features a fast maximum aperture of f/1.8, allowing for low-light shooting and beautiful background bokeh.
  4. Sigma 85mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art: While typically considered a portrait lens, the 85mm focal length can also be used creatively in landscape photography. This prime lens from Sigma delivers exceptional image quality, shallow depth of field control, and a fast maximum aperture of f/1.4.
  5. Sony FE 100mm f/2.8 STF GM OSS: This Sony prime lens offers a telephoto focal length of 100mm, which is ideal for capturing distant landscapes and isolating specific elements within a scene. It features a fast maximum aperture of f/2.8 and utilizes Sony's Smooth Trans Focus (STF) technology to create smooth bokeh and stunning background separation. With optical image stabilization and exceptional image quality, it is a great choice for telephoto landscape photography.

Prime lenses are essential tools for landscape photographers, enabling them to capture the true essence and beauty of nature with outstanding image quality. These lenses offer sharper focus, enhanced detail, wide apertures, and lightweight designs, allowing photographers to express their creative vision and immortalize stunning landscapes.

Whether you opt for Canon, Nikon, Sony, Fujifilm, Sigma or any other reputable brand, investing in a prime lens will undoubtedly elevate your landscape photography to new heights, ensuring that your images stand the test of time.

The Versatility of Zoom Lenses

Landscape photography is a captivating art that allows us to capture the awe-inspiring beauty of the natural world. While prime lenses are renowned for their sharpness and image quality, zoom lenses offer a unique advantage: versatility.

In this section, we will explore the benefits of zoom lenses for landscape photography, showcasing their flexibility in capturing different perspectives, focal lengths, and compositional choices. We will also highlight some notable examples from various brands to help you choose the right zoom lens for your landscape adventures.

Canon EF 24-70mm f/4L IS USM, © Canva

Flexible Focal Length Range

One of the key advantages of zoom lenses is their ability to cover a wide range of focal lengths. For landscape photographers, this means being able to capture everything from expansive vistas to intricate details without changing lenses.

The flexibility of zoom lenses allows you to adjust your composition on the fly, experiment with different framing options, and create a diverse portfolio of landscape images, all without the need for lens swaps.

Compositional Freedom

Zoom lenses empower photographers with compositional freedom. They enable you to zoom in and isolate a specific subject within the landscape, such as a distant mountain peak or a unique rock formation.

Conversely, you can zoom out to capture sweeping panoramic views or incorporate multiple elements within the frame. This versatility allows you to adapt to different landscapes, lighting conditions, and creative visions, expanding your creative possibilities in landscape photography.

Convenience and Ease of Use

Zoom lenses offer convenience and ease of use, making them ideal for photographers on the move. Instead of carrying multiple prime lenses, a single zoom lens covers a range of focal lengths, reducing the need for lens changes and minimizing the risk of dust or moisture entering the camera body.

This convenience is particularly beneficial during outdoor expeditions or when hiking to remote locations, where every ounce of weight matters.

Northern Spain, Canon R5 + Canon RF 24-105mm f/4L IS USM, © Martin Rak

Examples of Zoom Lenses for Landscape Photography

  1. Canon RF 24-105mm f/4L IS USM: Designed for Canon's RF mount, this zoom lens provides a versatile focal length range, from wide-angle to medium telephoto. It offers excellent image quality, image stabilization, and weather sealing, making it an excellent choice for landscape photographers seeking flexibility and reliability.
  2. Nikon NIKKOR Z 14-30mm f/4 S: This Nikon Z lens covers an ultra wide-angle to wide-angle range, allowing photographers to capture expansive landscapes with a dramatic perspective. It delivers exceptional sharpness, minimal distortion, and a compact, lightweight design, making it a valuable companion for landscape photography.
  3. Sony FE 24-70mm f/2.8 GM: Designed for Sony's full-frame mirrorless cameras, this zoom lens offers a versatile range from wide-angle to short telephoto. With a fast maximum aperture of f/2.8, it provides excellent low-light performance and shallow depth of field capabilities, allowing for creative expression in landscape photography.
  4. Fujifilm XF 10-24mm f/4 R OIS: As part of Fujifilm's X-series lenses, this wide-angle zoom lens offers excellent image quality and image stabilization. Covering a focal length range equivalent to 15-36mm, it allows landscape photographers to capture sweeping vistas and intricate details with superb sharpness and clarity.

Zoom lenses bring versatility and convenience to landscape photography, allowing photographers to adapt to different scenes, compositions, and focal lengths without changing lenses. They offer flexible focal length ranges, compositional freedom, and ease of use, making them valuable tools for capturing majestic landscapes.

Whether you choose Canon, Nikon, Sony, Fujifilm, or any other reputable brand, investing in a quality zoom lens will empower you to explore diverse perspectives, adapt to changing conditions, and create stunning landscape photographs that resonate with viewers for years to come.


Both prime and zoom lenses have their strengths and can be valuable assets in your landscape photography toolkit. Prime lenses excel in image quality, wide apertures, and lightweight designs, while zoom lenses offer versatility in focal length range, compositional freedom, and convenience.

Ultimately, the choice between prime and zoom lenses depends on your shooting style, preferences, and the specific requirements of each photographic outing.

Consider your desired focal lengths, the level of flexibility you need, and the shooting conditions you anticipate. If you value image quality, low-light performance, and compactness, prime lenses may be the ideal choice. On the other hand, if you seek versatility, the ability to quickly adjust focal lengths, and the convenience of not having to switch lenses, a zoom lens would be a great option.

Regardless of your decision, investing in high-quality lenses from reputable brands will ensure that you have the necessary tools to capture breathtaking landscapes.

Remember that creativity, composition, and understanding the fundamental principles of landscape photography are just as important as the equipment you use. So, get out there, explore the natural wonders around you, and let your vision shine through your lens, whether it's a prime or a zoom.

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